Korean J Vet Res > Volume 57(4); 2017 > Article
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 2017;57(4):209-214.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14405/kjvr.2017.57.4.209    Published online January 24, 2018.
Detection of viral infections in wild Korean raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides koreensis)
Dong-Kun Yang1, Seoug Heon Lee1, Ha-Hyun Kim1, Jong-Taek Kim2, Sangin Ahn2, In-Soo Cho1
1Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affair
2College of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University
Abstract
Wild raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides koreensis) may play a role transmitting several pathogens to humans and pet animals. Information concerning the incidence of rabies, canine distemper virus (CDV), canine parvovirus (CPV), canine adenovirus type 2 (CAdV-2), canine parainfluenza virus type 5 (CPIV-5), and canine herpesvirus (CHV) is needed in wild raccoon dogs. In total, 62 brain samples of raccoon dogs were examined for rabies virus (RABV) and CDV, and 49 lung samples were screened for CDV, CAdV-2, CPIV-5, and CHV. No RABV, CAdV-2, CPIV-5, or CHV was identified, but nine CDV antigens (8.1%, 9/111) were detected. Moreover, 174 serum samples from wild raccoon dogs were screened for antibodies against the five major viral pathogens. The overall sero-surveillance against CDV, CPV, CAdV-2, CPIV-5, and CHV in wild raccoon dogs was 60.3%, 52.9%, 59.8%, 23.6%, and 10.3%, respectively. Comparisons of the sero-surveillance of the five pathogens showed that raccoon dogs of Gyeonggi province have slightly higher sero-positive rates against CDV, CPV, and CHV than those of Gangwon province. These results indicate high incidences of CDV, CPV, and CAdV-2 in wild raccoon dogs of two Korean provinces and a latent risk of pathogen transmission to companion and domestic animals.
Key Words: canine distemper, rabies, raccoon dogs, sero-surveillance


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