Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 1989;29(4):445-455.
Electrophoretic analysis of the major proteins of ruminant erythrocyte membrane: Their relation to slow erythrocyte sedimentation rate
Bang-whan Lee1, Young-woo Bahk2
1College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University
2Department of Clinical Pathology, Kwangju Health Junior College
반추동물 적혈구막 단백의 전기영동법에 의한 분석 -낮은 적혈구침강속도와의 관계-
이방환1, 박영우2
1전남대학교 수의과대학
2광주보건전문대학 임상병리과
The proteins of the ruminant erythrocyte membranes were analysed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulfate, and their relations to the slow erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR) of the ruminants were investigated by treating the erythrocytes with proteinases such as trypsin, chymotrypsin and pronase, and glycosidases such as neuraminidase and galactosidase. Protein content in the erythrocyte membrane was $2.85{pm}0.28$ in human, $3.60{pm}0.41$ in Korean cattle, $3.71{pm}0.36$ in Holstein, $4.13{pm}0.83$ in Korean native goat and $3.94{pm}0.56mg/ml$ in sheep, showing higher in ruminant animals than in human(p<0.01). Although the general protein profiles of the ruminant erythrocyte membranes were almost similar to that of human, all the ruminant erythrocyte membranes showed one additional protein band, called band-Q in the previous report on proteins of bovine erythrocyte membrane, which migrated electrophoretically to the mid position between band-2 and band-3 in human erythrocyte membranes. The glycoprotein profiles of ruminant erythrocyte membranes revealed by periodic acid Schiff(PAS) stain showed a marked difference from that of human. The PAS-1(glycophorin) and PAS-2(sialoglycogrotein) present in human erythrocyte membranes were almost absent from the ruminant animals. Instead, a strong PAS-positive band near the origin of the electrophorograms, which was named as PAS-B in the previous report on proteins of bovine erythrocyte membranes, was shown in the ruminant animals except sheep. In addition, the erythrocyte membranes of Korean native goat and sheep showed a moderate PAS-negative band near the tracking dye of the electrophorograms, which was named as PAS-G in this study. In the erythrocyte treated with the enzymes, the migration of each protein fracture of erythrocyte membranes in response to each enzyme was diverse according to different species or breed of ruminant animals. Among others, band-Q present in ruminants was slightly or moderately decreased by trypsin-, chymotrypsin-, and pronase- treatments of the erythrocytes, but not only in sheep. It was particularly noticeable that PAS-B, a fraction of glycoprotein, present in ruminants except sheep, was better digested by proteinases than by glycosidases, showing remarkable increase(p<0.01) of the ESR in accord with complete digestion(disappearance) of the PAS-B band by pronase, trypsin or chymotrypsin treatment of erythrocytes. In sheep, there was almost no any response to the various enzymes in general protein and glycoprotein profiles of the erythrocyte membranes except PAS-G, which was markedly decreased by pronase treatment of the erythrocytes. Nevertheless, the ESRs were accelerated in erythrocytes treated with pronase, trypsin, chymotrypsin and neuraminidase. Erythrocyte osmotic fragility was increased in erythrocytes treated with only pronase among five enzymes in all the human and ruminant animals used in this study.
Key Words: proteins of erythrocyte membrane, electrophoretic analysis, erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), proteolytic enzymes, ruminant animals

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