Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 1991;31(3):241-251.
Studies on the Effects of Ginseng Extract for Mucociliary Change in Mice Nasal Septum Epithelia Exposured to Sulfur Dioxide gas
Moo-Kang Kim, Sung-Whan Cho, Si-Yun Ryu, Geun-Jwa Lee, Kyong-O Han, Chul-Ho Lee
Colleage of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University
인삼(人蔘) 추출액(抽出液)이 SO2 Gas에 폭로(暴露)된 새앙쥐 호흡기상피(呼吸器上皮)의 섬모(纖毛)변화에 미치는 영향(影響)에 관한 연구(硏究)
김무강, 조성환, 류시윤, 이근좌, 한경오, 이철호
충남대학교 수의과대학
In order to investigate the effect of Panax ginseng extract and it's degree in mucociliary change of mice nasal septum epithelia exposured to sulfur dioxide, 96 ICR male mice were used. They were at first divided the 4th week, the 8th week or the 16th week groups according to the age after birth and 6 hour or 12 hour groups according to the $SO_2$ gas exposured hour in a day, and at control, 50mg, 100mg and 200mg injection groups according to the dosage of the freeze-drying powder of the ginseng extract which was injected into the mouse peritoneal cavities in the condition of the solution solved with physiological saline solution. Each subgroups which were divided finaly included 4 male mice. The histological tissue sections for observation were made from nasal septum, posterior nasal orfice and trachea. The results obtained by experiments were summarized as followings. 1. The loss of the nasal mucosa epithelial cilia of the mouse exponsure to the $SO_2$ gas after ginseng extract injection was apparently diminish eompare to those exposured only $SO_2$ gas without pretreatment of ginseng extract (p<0.01). 2. The inhibition effect for the loss of nasal mucocilia according to the ginseng extract dosages not found in this research (p>0.05). 3. There were differences in the loss of nasal mucosa cilia according to the $SO_2$ gas exposure time between the control group and ginseng extract pretreatment group (p<0.01). 4. According to the increase of the postnatal time, there were remarkable differences between the control group and the ginseng extract pretreatment groups in the loss of nasal mucosa cilia (p<0.01). 5. Ciliary changes of the posterior nasal orifice and trachea according to the $SO_2$ gas exposure time, mice age and ginseng dosages, were not dearly observed in this light microscopical observation.
Key Words: Panax ginseng extract, Nasal septum epithelia, Sulfur dioxide
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