Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 1991;31(4):367-379.
The effect of antioxidant on pulmonary lesions induced by bleomycin in rats
Joon-sup Lee1, Dae-joong Kim1, Yeo-sung Yoon2
1College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University
2Department of Veterinary Medicine, Kangweon National University
항산화제가 bleomycin에 의해서 유발되는 랫트 폐장병변에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구
이준섭1, 김대중1, 윤여성2
1서울대학교 수의과대학
2강원대학교 수의학과
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of antioxidants (vitamin E, selenium, and coenzyme $Q_{10}$) on the bleomycin-induced pulmonary lesions in male rats. Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into 4 treatment groups ($T_1$, $T_2$, $T_3$, $T_4$) and 4 control groups ($C_1$, $C_1$, $C_3$, $C_4$). The treatment groups of rats weie given a single intratracheal dose of bleomycin (1.5 units/rat) and control groups of rats were given a single intratracheal dose of normal saline (0.15ml/rat). The rats in the $T_1$ group and $C_1$, group were dosed with normal saline (0.5ml/kg/day), the rats in the $T_2$ group and $C_2$ group were dosed with vitamin E (50mg/kg/day), the rats in the $T_3$ group and $C_3$ group were dosed with sodium selenite (3mg/kg/day) and the rats in the $T_4$ gronp and $C_4$ group were dosed with coenzyme $Q_{10}$ (2.5mg/kg/day) intraperitoneally for 7 days or 14 days, respectively. Animals were killed at 7th and 14th day after dosing with bleomycin or saline. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Lung wet weight of treatment groups of rats was increased significantly while body weight gain of them was decreased significantly in comparison with that of control groups of rats (p<0.01). 2. The ratio(%) of lung wet weight to final body weight of treatment groups of rats was increased significantly in comparison with that of control groups of rats (p<0.01). 3. The main histopathological findings of lungs observed in rats at 7th day after dosing with bleomycin were proliferation of the type II alveolar epithelial cells and fibroblasts, increased invading of macrophages into lesions, round cell infiltration and perivascular edema. 4. Lung fibrous tissues were markedly increased in rats observed at 14th day after dosing with bleomycin. 5. Pumonary lesions observed in rats dosed with bleomycin and antioxidants(vitamin E, selenium, coenzyme $Q_{10}$) were not significantly different from those of rats given bleomycin alone.
Key Words: Bleomycin, pulmonary lesion, vitamin E, selenium, coenzyme $Q_{10}$


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