Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 1995;35(1):115-121.
Anticoccidial effects of an extract of Artemisia annua on the Eimeria tenella
Hwa-gyun Oh1, Hee-jeong Youn1, Jae-wuk Noh2, Du-hwan Jang1, Yung-bai Kang3
1Dept. of Parasitology, College of Vet. Medicine, Seoul National University
2Bayer Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Bayer Vetchem(Korea)
3Veterinary Research Institute in RDA
Artemisia annua 추출액의 Eimeria tenella에 대한 항콕시듐 효과
오화균1, 윤희정1, 노재욱2, 장두환1, 강영배3
1서울대학교 수의과대학 기생충학교실
2한국바이엘화학(주) 동물의약연구소
The herb, Artemisia(A) annua, a member of the composital family, has been used successfully for malaria(Plasmodium sp) patients in china. Since the genera of Plasmodium and Eimeria(E) tenella are related, it is presumed that A annua may also be effective against E tenella. In order to study the anticoccidial effects of A annua the chickens inoculated with E tenella were treated with the extract of A annua in drinking water and the results were compared to those of non-medicated, infected control(NIC) and non-medicated, non-infected control(NNC) group. A annua demonstrated anticoccidial effects by showing, compared to NIC group, improved results in all parameters, such as bloody diarrhea, lesion scores, the numbers of excereted oocysts in feces, body weight gain and feed conversion rate. Anticoccidial index(ACI) of the A annua treated group (123.4) was higher than that of NIC group (96.9). These results indicate that Artemisia annua has anticoccidial effects on the Eimeria tenella.
Key Words: Artemisia annua, Eimeria tenella, anticoccidial effects, anticoccidial index

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