Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 1999;39(3):554-559.
Effect of chitosan-oligosaccharides on hydrophobicity of pathogenic Escherichia coli
Hyun-sung Choi1, Ho-jae Han1, Hee-kyung Kim2, Hee-sun Kim2, Mun-il Kang1
1College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University
2Biological Engineering Institute, Chonnam National University
Chitosan-oligosaccharides가 병원성 대장균의 소수성(疎水性)에 미치는 영향
최현성1, 한호재1, 김희경2, 김희선2, 강문일1
1전남대학교 수의과대학
2전남대학교 생물공학연구소
The purpose of this study was to evaluate effect of chitosan-oligosaccharides (CHIOL) on hydrophobicity of pathogenic E coli including a field isolate from suckling piglet with diarrhea, E coli-O157 : H7, and E coli-O149 : K88ac. E coli field isolate appeared adhesion of 100% to n-hexadecane between 0.00125% and 0.05% CHIOL. E coli-O157 : H7 occurred adhesion of 69% and 64% under the level of 0.00125% and 0.025% CHIOL, respectively. E coli-O149 : K88ac showed adhesion of 100% in higher than 0.025% CHIOL. For cationic action, the adhesion of E coli isolate and E coli-O149 : K88ac to n-hexadecane were inhibited at level of higher than 10mM $Ca^{2+}$ but did not induce any difference among the concentrations used(p < 0.01). However, the adhesion of E coli-O157 : H7 to n-hexadecane was inhibited at level of higher than 50mM $Ca^{2+}$. In a field trial, control piglets showed average mortality of up to 58% during 3 days after the onset of diarrhea. In contrast, the prevalence of E coli-induced diarrhea in CHIOL-treated groups without mortality was dropped down to average 34% on the 1st day after the treatment of CHIOL, and average 2% on the 4th day. After then, piglets with diarrhea was not present. In conclusion, the low concentrations of CHIOL were most likely to associate with the enhancement of hydrophobicity to pathogenic E coli. Calcium inhibited the hydrophobicity of E coli by CHIOL. These results suggested that CHIOL could be played an efficient and reliable role in treating enteric colibacillosis of piglets.
Key Words: chitosan-oligosaccharides, E coli, hydrophobicity, piglet diarrhea

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