Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 2000;40(4):691-699.
The inhibitory action of nitric oxide donor on the slow wave and spontaneous contraction in the guinea pig antral circular muscle
Tea-wan Kim, Jun-ho La, Il-suk Yang
Department of Physiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University
기니피그 유문부 윤상근의 서파 몇 자발적 수축에 대한 nitric oxide donor의 억제적 작용
김태완, 라준호, 양일석
서울대학교 수의과대학 생리학교실
We investigated the effects of nitric oxide (NO) donors, S-nitroso-L-cysteine (Cys-NO) and 3-morpholinosydnonimine hydrochloride (SIN-1), on the contractile and electrical activity of the circular muscle of guinea pig gastric antrum by using intracellular microelectrode technique. The gastric antral circular muscle showed spontaneous phasic contraction and slow wave of membrane potential. Cys-NO ($0.001{sim}10{mu}M$) and SIN-1 ($0.001{sim}100{mu}M$) reduced not only the tonic and phasic contraction but also the amplitude of slow wave in a concentration dependent manner. NO donors were more potent to inhibit phasic contraction than to do slow wave. These inhibitory effects of NO donors were mimicked by the membrane permeable guanosine-3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) analogue, 8-bromo-cyclic GMP (8-br-cGMP, $10{sim}300{mu}M$). The inhibitory effects of SIN-1 and Cys-NO were antagonized by the guanylate cyclase inhibitor, 1H[ [1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3,-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ, $10{mu}M$). These results suggest that the inhibitory effects of NO donors on the mechanical and electrical activity is mainly mediated by cGMP pathway.
Key Words: guinea pig, gastric antrum, nitric oxide, slow wave, cGMP

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