Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 2002;42(3):309-320.
Comparative Anatomical Study on Animal Bones Excavated from the Jongdal-Ri Shell Mound Archaeological Site IV on Jeju Island
Hwang-Lyong Kim1, Chang-Hwa Kang2, Tae-Kyun Shin1
1Department of Veterinary Medicine, Cheju National University
2Cultural Properties Laboratory of Jeju Culture and Art Foundation
제주도 종달리패총유적 4지구에서 출토된 동물뼈 유물의 비교해부학적 관찰
김황룡1, 강창화2, 신태균1
1제주대학교 수의학과
2제주문화예술재단 문화재연구소
Animal bones that were excavated with earthenware at the Jongdal-ri shell mound archaeological site IV on Jeju Island were investigated morpholgically and osteometrically. This archaeological site is estimated to date from the late Tamra period to the unified Shilla Dynasty (A.D. 7C) based on the type of earthenware. The number of animal bones was 3,430 pieces(Quarter B : 758, Quarter C : 2,672). The animal species consisted of Cervus spp., Sus spp., Bos spp and Canivore. The animal bone pieces excavated at Quarter B consisted of those of Cervus(53.3%), Bos(2.8%) and Sus(13.7%). The bones of Cervus(53.3%), Bos(2.8%), Sus(13.7%) and Canivore(4.6%) were found at Quarter C. The greatest number of heads was unearthed as a whole, and the classification according to animal species showed that the heads were more visible than other bones. Forelimbs and hindlimbs were distributed evenly on the part of Cervus. The skeletons from Bos were identified in the order of heads, forelimbs and hindlimbs, while nearly all the Sus bones were found to be heads. These data suggests that Cervus, Sus and Bos are major fauna at the estimated period.
Key Words: Jeju, shell mound archaeological site, animal bone

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