Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 2006;46(4):399-403.
Caudal occipital malformation syndrome in 10 dogs
Ji-hye Choi1, Hye-jin Kim1, Hyun-wook Kim1, Eun-chang Lee1, Jae-young Jang1, Hyun-jung Ban1, Jin-kyung Kim1, Junghee Yoon2
1Haemaru Referral Animal Hospital
2Collage of Veterinary Medicine and BK21 Program for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University
개의 후두골 이형성 증후군 10례
최지혜1, 김혜진1, 김현욱1, 이은창1, 장재영1, 반현정1, 김진경1, 윤정희2
1해마루 이차진료동물병원
2서울대학교 수의과대학, BK21 수의과학(연구인력양성)사업단
Abstract
Caudal occipital malformation syndrome (COMS) is relatively common disease which occurs at craniocervical junction. It has been known that this syndrome was developed mainly in Cavalier King Charles spaniels, but these days there are a lot of case reports about COMS in other small breed dogs. In this report, COMS was diagnosed in ten dogs presented to Haemaru Referral Animal Hospital using MRI examination from January 2005 to April 2006. These cases were also investigated about concurrent diseases and syringomyelia was the most common type of complication, but clinical signs were nonspecific. COMS could be controlled by medical therapy with corticosteroid except cases with concurrent meningitis. It is considered that the present report could provide information regarding imaging and clinical features of COMS such as concurrent diseases, clinical signs, and prognosis in small animal practice despite of limited case numbers.
Key Words: caudal occipital malformation syndrome, hydrocephalus, MRI, small breed dogs, syringomyelia
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