Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 2007;47(2):169-174.
Analysis for nucleotide sequence of the small membrane (sM) protein gene of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus Chinju99 isolated in Korea
Sang-Geon Yeo1, Changhee Lee2
1College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University
2College of Natural Sciences, Kyungpook National University
To provide information for the molecular pathogenesis and antigenic structures of Korean isolates of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), the small membrane (sM) protein gene of Chinju99 strain, which was previously isolated from piglets suffering from severe diarrhea was characterized and further analyzed with other PEDV strains. The sM gene of Chinju99 generated by reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction had a single open reading frame with 231 bases consisting of 24.2% adenine, 18.6% cytosine, 18.1% guanine and 39.0% thymine nucleotides. Nucleotide sequence of the gene revealed 97.8% homology to those of Belgian strain CV777 and British strain Br1/87, and 97.0% to Chinese strain LZC. The gene encoded a protein with 76 amino acids, and putative amino acid sequence of the gene revealed 98.7% homology to those of CV777 and Br1/87, and 96.1% to LZC. The amino acids of Chinju99 sM gene consisted of mostly hydrophobic residues, and there were one potential N-myristylation site and one potential threonine (T)-linked phosphorylation site recognized. Also, there was a transmembrane region with 46 amino acids, and Chinju99 was more close to CV777 and Br1/87 than to LZC in phylogenetic analysis on the sM amino acid sequences.
Key Words: amino acids, nucleotides, PEDV, sM gene

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