Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 2008;48(3):337-345.
Phytic acid does not affect the formation of colonic aberrant crypt foci in Fe-overloaded male F344 rats
Yea Eun Lee1, Jin-Joo Hue1, Ki-Nam Lee1, Sang Yoon Nam1, Byeongwoo Ahn1, Young Won Yun1, Jae-Hwang Jeong2, Beom Jun Lee1
1College of Veterinary Medicine and Research Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University
2Department of Biosciences and Bioinformatic, Chungbuk Provincial University of Science and Technology
Abstract
There are accumulating evidences that high levels of dietary iron may play a role in colon carcinogenesis. Elevated iron status has been associated with oxidative stress. Phytic acid (PA) functions as an antioxidant by chelating divalent cations and prevents formation of reactive oxygen species responsible for cell injury and carcinogenesis. The protective effect of PA was investigated on formation of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) induced by azoxymethane (AOM) in iron-overloaded male F344 rats. After acclimation with AIN-93G purified diet (35 ppm Fe, normal control diet) for one week, animals were fed iron-overloaded diet (350 ppm Fe) and PA (0.5% or 2% PA in water) for 8 weeks. Animals received two (1st and 2nd week) injections of AOM (15 mg/kg b.w.) to induce colonic ACF. The colonic mucosa was examined for the total numbers of aberrant crypt (AC) and ACF after staining with methylene blue. The blood and serum were analyzed with a blood cell differential counter and an automatic serum analyzer. Iron-overloaded diet increased the concentration of iron in liver of the rats. But iron-related parameters in blood were not changed among experimental groups. The numbers of ACF per colon and AC per colon were $178.8{pm}33.2$ and $448.4{pm}110.2$ in the iron-overloaded F344 rats. The total AC was significantly increased, compared with normal-diet AOM control group (p < 0.05). The treatments of PA at the dose of 0.5% slightly decreased the number of ACF and AC per colon to $153.6{pm}29.5$ and $396.3{pm}107.5$. However, there were no significant differences in the total numbers of ACF and AC between the AOM control group and PA (0.5% or 2%)-treated groups. These results suggest that PA may not affect the formation of ACF or AC induced by AOM in ironoverloaded F344 rats.
Key Words: aberrant crypt foci, azoxymethane, colon cancer, iron-overloaded rat, phytic acid
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