Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 2009;49(3):195-200.
Antibiotic resistance pattern of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from chickens
Myeong Suk Kim, Hyuk Moo Kwon, Haan Woo Sung
College of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University
닭에서 분리된 조류 병원성 대장균의 항생제 내성 양상
김명숙, 권혁무, 성환우
강원대학교 수의과대학
Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is an important bacterial pathogen of chickens and causes colibacillosis such as airsacculitis, perihepatitis, omphalitis, peritonitis, salpingitis, and pericarditis. As the transfer of antibiotic resistance from animal to humans can be possible, surveillance on antibiotic resistance of APEC is very important. A total 34 APEC isolates from diseased chickens during the period from 2007 to 2009 were obtained. The susceptibility of the isolates to 13 antibiotics was determined by disc diffusion assay. Resistance to erythromycin was found in 97.1% of APEC isolated, followed by resistance to tetracycline (85.3%), doxycycline (82.3%), ampicillin (73.5%), sulfisoxazole (67.6%), enrofloxacin (67.6%), ciprofloxacin (64.7%), norfloxacin (61.7%) trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (52.9%), gentamycin (26.5%), amoxicillin (8.8%), colistin (5.9%), and amikacin (2.9%). The blaTEM genes were detected in 25 (100%) of the 25 ampicillin-resistant APEC isolates. Among the 29 tetracycline-resistant APEC isolates, tetA and tetB genes were detected in 18 (62.1%) and 9 (31%) isolates, respectively. Twenty six (76.5%) isolates were multiresistant to at least 6 antibiotics and seven (20.1%) isolates were multiresistant to at least 10 antibiotics. This results indicated that multiple antibiotic-resistant APEC is widespread in chicken flocks in Korea.
Key Words: antibiotics, avian pathogenic Escherichia coli, chickens, resistance

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