Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 2009;49(4):279-284.
Time-course response of epichlorohydrin on epididymal histopathology in rats
Kang-Hyeon Kim, In-Sik Shin, Jeong-Hyeon Lim, Sung-Hwan Kim, Na-Hyeong Park, Changjong Moon, Sung-Ho Kim, Dong-Ho Shin, Jong-Choon Kim
Animal Medical Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University
Abstract
This research aimed to investigate the time-course effect of epichlorohydrin (ECH) on epididymal histopathology in Sprague-Dawley rats. Twenty-four male rats were randomly assigned to four groups with 6 rats in each group and were administered a single oral dose of ECH (70 mg/kg) or its vehicle. Six animals each were sacrificed on days 0 (control), 1, 2, and 7 after treatment. During the study period, clinical signs, body weights, reproductive organ weights, testicular spermatid count, epididymal sperm count, motility and morphology, and histopathology were examined. No treatmentrelated effects on body weights and reproductive organ weights were noted at any time point. On the contrary, sperm motility decreased slightly on days 1 and 2 after treatment and then decreased significantly on day 7 after treatment. The first signs of histological changes were the appearance of cell debris in the ducts and vacuolization of the epithelial cells observed in the proximal caput epididymis on day 1 after treatment. The incidences and grades of the histological changes including cell debris in the ducts, epithelial vacuolization, oligospermia, and epithelial disruption increased on day 2 and then decreased slightly on day 7 after treatment. These results show that a single oral dose of 70 mg/kg ECH to male rats results in cell debris in the ducts and vacuolization of the epithelial cells in the proximal caput epididymis, followed by reversible oligospermia, epithelial disruption, and decreased sperm motility.
Key Words: epichlorohydrin, histopathology, rats, reproductive dysfunction, sperm
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