Korean J Vet Res > Volume 54(3); 2014 > Article
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 2014;54(3):147-150.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14405/kjvr.2014.54.3.147    Published online September 24, 2014.
Seroprevalence of Q-fever in Korean native cattle
Ji-Yeon Kim, So-Ra Sung, Ji-In Pyun, Moon Her, Sung-Il Kang, Hyang-Keun Lee, Suk Chan Jung
Bacterial Disease, Department Animal and Plant Health Research, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency
국내 서식 한우에서 큐열 항체 양성율 조사
김지연, 성소라, 편지인, 허문, 강성일, 이향근, 정석찬
농림축산검역본부 동식물위생연구부 세균질병과
Abstract
Q-fever is a vector-borne (Coxiella [C.] burnetii) zoonotic disease that is an increasing public health concern. To date, some research about Q-fever prevalence in dairy herds and human patients has been reported in Korea, but information about Korean native cattle is scarce. To measure the prevalence rates of C. burnetii in Korean native cattle, a total of 1,095 bovine serum samples collected during 2010~2013 were analyzed with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Sixty-eight heads of cattle were diagnosed as positive and while 19 heads were suspected (positive rate = 6.2%). Interestingly, Jeju province had a seropositivity rate six times greater than that of other provinces (18.9% vs. 3.2%). High seroprevalence might be caused by wide distribution of ticks in Jeju province compared to other regions. Based on these data, extensive monitoring of C. burnetii infection in cattle, tick distribution, and climate changes is required.
Key Words: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Korean native cattle, Q-fever, seroprevalence, ticks


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