Korean J Vet Res > Volume 58(3); 2018 > Article
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 2018;58(3):125-129.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14405/kjvr.2018.58.3.125    Published online October 11, 2018.
Prevalence state of canine brucellosis in South Korea during 2015 and 2016
Ji-Youl Jung1, Soon-Seek Yoon1, Seung-Hee Lee1, Jung-Won Park1, Jin-Ju Lee2, Moon Her3, ByungJae So1, Jae-Hoon Kim4
1Animal Disease Diagnostic Research Division, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency
2Bacterial Disease Research Division, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency
3Research Planning & Management Division, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency
4College of Veterinary Medicine and Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Jeju National University
Abstract
We investigated the prevalence of canine brucellosis in companion and stray dogs between March 2015 and December 2016 and determined the disease characteristics based on the geographic distribution, sex and age of the dogs in South Korea. We conducted a large-scale survey using serological and bacteriological tests. Samples were collected from 2,394 dogs (1,825 companions and 569 strays). Thirty (1.3%) samples were positive for Brucella canis antibodies including 16 (0.9%) from companion dogs and 14 (2.5%) from stray dogs. Two (1.0%) of the 196 samples cultured from the stray dogs were positive. When compared with male dogs, the female companion and stray dogs had a significantly higher prevalence of brucellosis. Moreover, the prevalence of canine brucellosis was significantly higher in stray dogs older than 6 years and the prevalence of the disease in companion dogs was highest in Incheon (2.1%) and Jeolla (2.1%) provinces. Stray dogs from the Daejeon metropolitan area had the highest prevalence of brucellosis (7.9%). National control measures for canine brucellosis have not previously been implemented. Our findings suggest that appropriate screening tests and control measures are necessary to improve the health of dogs and to protect public health in Korea, particularly with the rapid growth of the companion animal industry.
Key Words: Brucella canis, bacteriology, brucellosis, prevalence, serology


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