Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 1986;26(1):69-77.
Studies on Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Isolated from Cattle
Gang-log Lee, Won-pil Choi
Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Kyungpook National University
우(牛) 유래(由來) 장독소(腸毒素) 산생(産生) 대장균(大腸菌)에 대하여
이강록, 최원필
경북대학교 농과대학 수의학과
Abstract
The purpose of this study was the examination for presence of K99 antigen (K99), enterotoxigenicity, 0-groups, colicin and antibiotic susceptibility among E. coil isolated from calves and cows. A total of 49(18.7%) among 262 strains, isolated from 30(26.5%) out of 113 calves and cows, possesed K99, and thirty three of 49 $K99^+$ strains produced ST. Of the strains of diarrheal calf origin which less than 15 days old, a high correlation was observed between enterotoxigenic ability and K99: 92.3% of the $K99^+$ strains produced heat stable enterotoxin(ST). In O group typing of 33 $ST^+$ strains, they belonged to O20(48.4%), O8(9.1%), O9(6.1%), O139(6.1%), O149(6.1%), O101(3.0%), O115(3.0%), except six which were untypable or autoagglutinable. Of 262 E. coil isolates, 30 strains(13.3%) produced colicin and K99 were detected in 6 strains. One hundred eighty eight strains(71.8%) of 262 E. coil isolates were resistance to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, gentamicin, kanamycin, streptomycin, tetracycline, alone or in combination thereof. One hundred and fourteen(60.6%) out of 188 drug resistance strains carried R factor($R^+$) which were transferable to the recipients by conjugation. Sixty five $R^+$ strains(57.0%) carried thermo-sensitive R plasmid.


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