Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 1986;26(1):97-102.
Studies on Development of Escherichia coli Subunit Vaccine against Calf Diarrhea: I. Distribution of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Purification of K99 and F41 Pilus Antigens
Jong-man Kim1, Young-dhuk Yoon1, Jeung-moon Park1, Bong-hwan Kim2
1Veterinary Research Institute, Rural Development Administration
2Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Kyungpook National University
송아지 대장균(大腸菌) Pilus Vaccine 개발(開發)에 관한 연구(硏究): I. 송아지 설사원인(泄瀉原因) 대장균(大腸菌)(K99, F41)의 분포(分布) 및 Pilus 정제시험(精製試驗)
김종만1, 윤용덕1, 박정문1, 김봉환2
2경북대학교 농과대학 수의학과
The prevalence of diarrhea caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli was surveyed on 445 calves in 6 farms which were located in the central part of Korea. The incidence of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in calves with diarrhea was investigated by detecting the K99 and F41 antigens from the isolated strains of Escherichia coli The incidence of colibacillosis in calves was 23.3%. Of 238 strains of Escherichia coli isolated from calves with diarrhea, 73 strains(30.6%) were proved possessing the K99 antigen by mannose-resistant hemagglutination(MRHA) using horse red blood cells and 79(33.1%) possessing F41 antigens by MRHA using guinea-pig red blood cells. The minca medium, nutrient broth, tryptic soy broth and brain heart infusion were tested for yield of K99 and F41 pili. The production of pili was greatest in minea medium. The best detachment method of the K99 and F41 pili from the cells was heat treatment for 20 minutes at $60^{circ}C$ and concentration by precipitation with ammonium sulfate. The purified antigens of K99 and F41 were polypeptides with molecular weights of 18,500 and 29,500, respectively by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.

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