Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 1986;26(1):117-124.
Immunobiological Studies in Mice Treated with Chemical Carcinogen, 3-Methylcholanthrene : II. Rosette Formation and Natural Killing (NK) Activity of Splenic Lymphocytes
Hee-jong Song1, Sang-ho Kim2, Jong-myeon Kim1
1Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Chonbuk National University
2Department of Pathology, Chonbuk National University Medical School
발암제(發癌劑) 3-Methylcholanthrene 투여(投與)마우스에 대(對)한 면역생물학적(免疫生物學的) 연구(硏究) : II. 비장세포(脾臟細胞)의 Rosette형성능(形成能) 및 NK세포(細胞)의 활성(活性)
송희종1, 김상호2, 김종면1
1전북대학교 농과대학 수의학과
2전북대학교 의과대학 병리학교실
Abstract
The present study was undertaken to evaluate rosette formation and NK activity of splenic lymphocytes in 3-methylcholanthrene (MCA) treated mice. Mice were sensitized iv with 0.1ml of 1% sheep red blood cell (SRBC) suspension were treated with a single ip injection of olive oil alone or with different doses of MCA in oil at various time before or after sensitization, and were challenged at 4 days after SRBC. Rosette formation and NK activity of splenic lymphocytes were measured at 24 hours after challenge. Erythrocyte(E) rosette formation of splenic lymphocytes was significantly depressed in mouse treated with large dose of MCA (5~50mg) regardless of injecting time. But, there was no difference in the response between the treated with small dose of MCA (0.5mg). Whereas erythrocyte-antibody(EA) rosette or erythrocyte-antibody-complement(EAC) rosette forming cells were significantly depressed by MCA. Under small dose of MCA (0.5mg), any difference of NK activity was not observed in all course of injecting time. But, under large dose of MCA, the activity was markedly inhibited to about half the values seen in control and this suppression was transient, resulting that the normal level was reached again 19 days after MCA. These results, which conform with the predictions of immunosuppression hypothesis, suggest that MCA inhibits immunological responses including NK activity and thereby allows the outgrowth of antigenic neoplastic cells.


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