Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 1986;26(1):163-174.
Incidence of Reproductive Disorders in Dairy Cows and their Conception Rate after Treatment
Sang-cheol Kim1, Choong-ho Jo1, Kwang-won Lee2
1College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University
2National Animal Breeding Institute
젖소 번식장애(繁殖障碍)의 발생현황(發生現況) 및 치료후(治療後) 수태율(受胎率)에 관한 조사연구(調査硏究)
김상철1, 조충호1, 이광원2
1서울대학교 수의과대학
2국립종축원
Abstract
The 587 Holstein cows which calved from January 1983 to December 1984 at an integrated dairy farm in Chung-nom province were examined for the incidence of reproductive disorders and their conception rate after treatment. The results obtained were as follows; 1. The incidence of reproductive disorders was 47.9% (281 heads) among 587 heads which calved. 1) As number of calvings increased, the incidence of reproductive disorders decreased. 2) The cows which calved in spring and summer showed significantly higher incidence of reproductive disorders than those which calved in autumn and winter (p<0.05). 3) Among reproductive disorders, ovarian, uterine, cervical and vaginal diseases figured 54.3%, 43.7%, 0.9% and 0.6%, respectively. 4) Among individual genital diseases, endometritis (40.3%) occurred most frequently. 2. Among 281 heads with reproductive disorders, 216 heads(76.9%) conceived after treatment. 1) After treatment of reproductive disorders, the conception rate by number of calvings was in range from 69.6% to 87.5%. 2) The cows which calved in summer and winter showed significantly higher conception rate after treatment of reproductive disorders than those which calved in spring and autumn (P<0.05). 3) The conception rates after treatment of the cows with ovarian, uterine, cervical and vaginal diseases were 66.5%, 81.2%, 33.3% and 50.0% respectively. 4) The cows with endometritis showed the highest conception rate after treatment (85.9%).


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