Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 1980;20(2):79-84.
Isolation and Drug Sensitivity of Gram-Negative Rods from Bovine Udder Infections
Cha Soo Lee, Cheong Kyu Park
Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Gyeongbug National University
젖소 유방염(乳房炎)으로부터 Gram 음성간균(陰性桿菌)의 분리(分離) 및 약제감수성(藥劑感受性)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究)
이차수, 박청규
경북대학교 농과대학
One hundred and eighteen cultures of Gram-negative rods isolated from cases of clinical bovine mastitis during lactation were examined for distribution of specific types, and activity of several antimicrobial agents to the isolates was determined by two-fold tube dilution method employing sterile whole milk as fluid medium. Of the isolates, 59.2% were Escherichia coli. Most of the remaining isolates were Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter aerogenes. Most Gram-negative rods(89.8%) were isolated from acute local and chronic mastitis. The cases of peracute systemic form with a marked symptoms of toxemia were associated with Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. The minimal lethal concentrations (MLC) of gentamicin and oxolinic acid in sterile whole milk were 16-128 times higher than the MLC obtained in trypticase soy broth (TSB), while the MLC of ampicillin and tetracycline in milk increased 2-4 times compared with TSB. Of the drugs tested, gentamicin was the most active antibiotics with MLC of $100{mu}g/ml$ in sterile whole milk against all of Gram-negative rods isolated from bovine udder infections.

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