Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 2006;46(4):355-361.
Analysis for nucleotide sequence of the membrane protein gene of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus Chinju99
Greta Salvae V. Baquilod1, Sang-Geon Yeo2
1Provincial Veterinary Office
2College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University
Abstract
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) strain Chinju99, which was previously isolated from piglets suffering from severe diarrhea was used to characterize the membrane (M) protein gene to establish the molecular information, and the results will be useful in elucidating concepts related to molecular pathogenesis and antigenic structures of PEDV isolates. The Chinju99 M gene generated by reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) consisted of 681 bases containing 22.3% adenine, 22.3% cytosine, 23.1% guanine and 32.3% thymine nucleotides, and the GC content was 45.4%. It had some nucleotide mismatches from M gene of other PEDV strains, such as CV777, Br1/87, KPEDV-9, JMe2, JS2004-2 and LJB-03 with 97-99% nucleotide sequence homology to these strains. Also, it encoded a protein of 226 amino acids, which had some mismatches from those of CV777, Br1/87, KPEDV-9, JMe2, JS20004-2 and LJB-03, as the amino acid sequence homology showed a 97-98% to these strains. The Chinju99 had a very close relationship to the Japanese strain JMe2 for the nucleotide and amino acid sequences of the M gene. The amino acids predicted from Chinju99 M gene consisted of mostly hydrophobic residues and contained three potential sites for asparagine (N)-linked glycosylation, two serine (S)-linked phosphorylation sites by protein kinase C, and two S- or threonine (T)-linked phosphorylation sites by casein kinase II.
Key Words: amino acids, M gene, nucleotides, PEDV


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